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The history of the Pug

According to the London Zoological Society, the Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. Its origin lies in China, some 700 years B.C. It is believed that sailors from the Dutch 'Oost Indische Compagnie' were the first to bring the Pug to Europe. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Pugs came to Holland, Germany, England, Spain, and Russia. Pugs first came to America shortly after the American Civil War.


Besides Pug, the little breed of dogs has many names. Ha Ba Gou (Old Chinese), Mopshond (Dutch), Mops (Swedish), Mopsi (Finnish), Mopshund (German), Carlin (French), Carlino (Italian), Doguillo (Spanish) and Dutch Mastiff (English) are just some of the names Pugs are called all over the world.


The Pug shares the same origin as the Pekingese but is not a relative of Bulldog, a common misconception.